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Governance quality, remittances and their implications for food and nutrition security in Sub-Saharan Africa

Adebayo Isaiah Ogunniyi, George Mavrotas, Kehinde Oluseyi Olagunju, Olusegun Fadare and Rufai Adedoyin

World Development, 2020, vol. 127, issue C

Abstract: Despite impressive progress in the fight against malnutrition and hunger in recent years, food and nutrition insecurity remains a major concern in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) countries. In this study, we employ a panel data covering 15 SSA countries from 1996 to 2015 to investigate the growth effects of remittances and quality of governance on food and nutrition security, proxied by the average value of food production and the average dietary energy supply adequacy, respectively. We use a dynamic empirical model based on system GMM to control for unobserved heterogeneity and potential endogeneity of the explanatory variables. The empirical results emanating from our analysis show that the interaction of remittances and the composite index of governance quality exerts positive and significant effects on the average value of food production, and also contributes to the improvement of average dietary energy supply adequacy in SSA. In addition, the control of corruption, government effectiveness, political stability and rule of law scores increase both measures of food and nutrition security. Albeit, the contribution of control over corruption score is relatively the largest as compared to other indicators of governance.

Keywords: Governance quality; Migration; Food and nutrition security; SSA; GMM estimator (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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DOI: 10.1016/j.worlddev.2019.104752

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