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End-of-conflict deforestation: Evidence from Colombia’s peace agreement

Mounu Prem, Santiago Saavedra and Juan Vargas

World Development, 2020, vol. 129, issue C

Abstract: Armed conflict can endanger natural resources through several channels such as direct predation from fighting groups, but it may also help preserve ecosystems by dissuading extractive economic activities through the fear of extortion. The effect of conflict on deforestation is thus an empirical question. This paper studies the effect on forest cover of Colombia’s recent peace negotiation between the government and the FARC insurgency. Using yearly deforestation data from satellite images and a difference-in-differences identification strategy, we show that areas controlled by FARC prior to the declaration of a permanent ceasefire experienced a differential increase in deforestation after the start of the ceasefire. The deforestation effect of peace is attenuated in municipalities with higher state presence and judicial capacity, and is exacerbated by land intensive economic activities. Our results highlight the importance of complementing peacemaking milestones with state building efforts to avoid environmental damage.

Keywords: Deforestation; Conflict; Peace building; Colombia (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D74 Q34 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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Working Paper: End-of-conflict deforestation: evidence from Colombia’s peace agreement (2019) Downloads
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:wdevel:v:129:y:2020:i:c:s0305750x19305017

DOI: 10.1016/j.worlddev.2019.104852

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