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Comparison of the costs and benefits of the Clean India Mission

Guy Hutton, Sumeet Patil, Avni Kumar, Nicolas Osbert and Francis Odhiambo

World Development, 2020, vol. 134, issue C

Abstract: The Swachh Bharat (Clean India) Mission (SBM) launched in October 2014 is the world’s largest sanitation campaign. Our aim was to estimate and compare major economic costs and benefits associated with sanitation improvement achieved during three years of SBM from households’ financial and economic perspectives and a broader societal perspective.

Keywords: Swachh Bharat Mission; Cost-Benefit Analysis; Sanitation; India; Open Defecation Free; Return on Investment (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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DOI: 10.1016/j.worlddev.2020.105052

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