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Rural Poverty Dynamics in Kenya: Structural Declines and Stochastic Escapes

Maren Radeny, Marrit van den Berg and Rob Schipper

World Development, 2012, vol. 40, issue 8, 1577-1593

Abstract: We use panel survey data and household event-histories to explore patterns of rural poverty dynamics in Kenya over the period 2000–2009. We find substantial mobility across poverty categories using economic transition matrices. Drawing on asset-based approaches, we distinguish stochastic from structural poverty transitions. Few households successfully escaped poverty through asset accumulation (up to 35% of the upwardly mobile), while a large proportion of households (up to 66%) declining into poverty experienced structural transitions. Using household event-histories, we find significant differences across structural poverty transition classes in livelihood strategies, household-level shocks, and other factors.

Keywords: poverty; livelihood assets; mixed methods; sub-Saharan Africa; Kenya (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2012
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:wdevel:v:40:y:2012:i:8:p:1577-1593

DOI: 10.1016/j.worlddev.2012.04.027

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