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Declining Inequality in Latin America in the 2000s: The Cases of Argentina, Brazil, and Mexico

Nora Lustig (), Luis Lopez-Calva () and Eduardo Ortiz-Juarez ()

World Development, 2013, vol. 44, issue C, 129-141

Abstract: During 2000–10, the Gini coefficient declined in 13 of 17 Latin American countries. The decline was statistically significant and robust to changes in the time interval, inequality measures, and data sources. In depth country studies for Argentina, Brazil, and Mexico suggest two main phenomena underlie this trend: a fall in the premium to skilled labor and more progressive government transfers. The fall in the premium to skills resulted from a combination of supply, demand, and institutional factors. Their relative importance depends on the country.

Keywords: income inequality; skill premium; government transfers; Latin America (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2013
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Working Paper: Declining Inequality in Latin America in the 2000s: The Cases of Argentina, Brazil, and Mexico (2012) Downloads
Working Paper: Declining Inequality in Latin America in the 2000s: the Cases of Argentina, Brazil, and Mexico (2012) Downloads
Working Paper: Declining Inequality in Latin America in the 2000s: The Cases of Argentina, Brazil, and Mexico (2012) Downloads
Working Paper: Declining inequality in Latin America in the 2000s: the cases of Argentina, Brazil, and Mexico (2012) Downloads
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