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Do Sanitary, Phytosanitary, and Quality-related Standards Affect International Trade? Evidence from Chilean Fruit Exports

Oscar Melo (), Alejandra Engler, Laura Nahuehual, Gabriela Cofre and José Barrena

World Development, 2014, vol. 54, issue C, 350-359

Abstract: Increasing awareness of food safety issues has led to intensive use of sanitary, phytosanitary and quality-related regulations and standards, imposing a burden on exporting countries worldwide. This study assesses the impact of such regulations and standards estimating a gravity model for Chilean fresh fruit exports that incorporates a stringency-perception index that comprises different dimensions of trade requirements. Our results suggest that an increase in stringency has a negative and substantial effect on exported volumes, and the reduction is higher if stringency increases in developed countries. Results also showed that different dimensions have different effects on trade.

Keywords: sanitary and phytosanitary regulations; standards; nontariff barriers; gravity model; fruit trade; Chile (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2014
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DOI: 10.1016/j.worlddev.2013.10.005

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