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The Multifaceted Role of the State in the Protection of Geographical Indications: A Worldwide Review

Delphine Marie-Vivien and Estelle Biénabe

World Development, 2017, vol. 98, issue C, 1-11

Abstract: Geographical indications (GIs) serve to designate goods with a quality, characteristics, or reputation attributed to its geographical origin. They are increasingly protected in many countries of the South as a tool for economic, social, territorial, and ecological development. Implemented in the wake of the weakly prescriptive WTO Agreement on Trade-Related Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPs) of 1995, the choice of the institutional framework for protecting GIs nationally as well as associated public support infrastructure was left open. This led to divergences in overarching approaches and to GI institutionalization that differs remarkably across countries. Twenty years after TRIPs, the purpose of both this paper and of the special issue is to advance our understanding of the institutionalization of GIs, as an IPR, a quality standard, and a policy instrument in harnessing all of the expected benefits of GI protection.

Keywords: geographical indications; state; trade; exclusion; standard; Intellectual Property Right (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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