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Primary healthcare effects of a well-designed anti-corruption program

Marislei Nishijima, Randall P. Ellis and Regina C. Cati

World Development Perspectives, 2022, vol. 25, issue C

Abstract: We evaluate the success of Brazil’s Corregedoria-Geral da União’s (CGU) anti-corruption program in fostering better outcomes in the health sector using panel data from 5560 Brazilian municipalities over the period from 2000 to 2011. Since 2003, the program randomly selected municipalities to investigate each year and immediately disclosed its findings. We test for deterrent or auditing effects on four primary health care indicators. Our results let us reject that there was any meaningful effect of the anti-corruption program on these health outcomes and corroborate the general view that the legal system is slow to identify, prosecute, and punish criminal activities.

Keywords: Anti-corruption program; Primary health; Audits; Randomization; Brazil (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: H51 H72 I18 O17 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2022
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DOI: 10.1016/j.wdp.2022.100399

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