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Evaluating governability challenges of Saint Martin’s Island (SMI) in Bangladesh

Jewel Das, Md. Humayain Kabir, Faiz Md Taimur, Mohammed Hossain and Uttam Kumar

World Development Perspectives, 2022, vol. 27, issue C

Abstract: Saint Martin’s Island (SMI), a declared marine protected area, is a unique and coral-dominated island in Bangladesh. This study explores, analyses, and describes SMI’s governability challenges based on primary and secondary data. Analyses of the governance framework and mechanism show that legal instruments are diffused among multiple sectors involving interest groups and resource users both within and beyond the island. The conflicting interests of different actors and resource users simultaneously generate a complex web of intertwined demands. Hence, we did not find the existing hierarchical governance system responsive to the challenges posed by natural and anthropogenic stressors in SMI. We applied different governance mechanisms along with interactions between the systems-to-be-governed and the governing system, suggesting that governance needs to be adaptive, interactive, participatory, and connected with management objectives of the ecosystems. The governance modes must match with existing realities so that human-nature interactions can sustain.

Keywords: Saint Martin’s Island; Hierarchical governance; Natural and anthropogenic stressors; Challenges; MPA; Bangladesh (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2022
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DOI: 10.1016/j.wdp.2022.100434

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