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The joint effects of terrorism and land access on livestock production decisions: Evidence from northern Nigeria

Olusegun Fadare, Giacomo Zanello and Chittur Srinivasan

World Development Perspectives, 2022, vol. 27, issue C

Abstract: Livestock production is an integral part of the livelihoods of many households around the developing world and plays a significant role in farming households' food and nutrition security. However, conflict is a major challenge for livestock production in Africa and Nigeria in particular. We employ the Living Standards Measurement Study – Integrated Surveys on Agriculture (LSMS-ISA) panel data for Nigeria with a global georeferenced conflict dataset to examine the effect of terrorism on small-scale livestock production and the role of agricultural land access. Terrorism is an important factor that undermines livestock production. We find that increase in the incidents of terrorism reduces cattle herd size but does not reduce the herd size of households that manage a larger area of land. Also, terrorism significantly increases livestock diversification independently and jointly with land access. However, higher fatalities from terrorism reduces herd size irrespective of the size of land managed by households. Our findings suggest a plausible land abandonment in areas where terrorism is severe. Curbing terrorism in Nigeria would ensure farmers have physical access to their land and sustain livestock production.

Keywords: Conflict mitigation; Resilience; Livestock assets; Cattle; Land access (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2022
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DOI: 10.1016/j.wdp.2022.100447

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