Competitive advantages of Ukraine in the field of the protection of industrial property as a basis for the revival of innovative processes
Economy and Forecasting, 2016, issue 1, 57-70
The article's aim is a comprehensive evaluation of the competitive advantages of Ukraine in the field of the protection of industrial property at global level as a basis for developing appropriate measures to ensure innovation-based economic growth and raising this country's position in the international rating comparisons. There is an enormous asymmetry in the allocation of objects of industrial property among groups of countries, depending on the level of development and location in certain geographical regions. Ukraine is identified as a country with a lower than average level of gross national income per capita. However, according to the report on "World Intellectual Property Indicators 2015" Ukraine was found in the group of leaders (21st place) among over 140 countries by the generalized indicator of activity in submitting applications for industrial property by country of origin in 2014. Evaluating Ukraine's competitive advantages by the sub-indexes of the Global Index of Innovation, the author points out the improvement of Ukraine's place in 2014 to 64th place as compared to 71st in 2012. It should be recognized that Ukraine's position in the group of 34 countries with the same level of development is high enough, such as: 4th place by the ranking of the Global Innovation Index, and 3rd place by the resulting subindex (rank 47) and 4th place by efficiency (rank 15). Much worse is this country's position by the subindex of costs: 8th place in the group and the 84th place in the overall ranking. The evaluations of Ukraine's competitive advantages in the processes of acquiring rights to objects of industrial property as to the intensity of submitting corresponding applications (which are presented in the article) indicate a certain potential that can be enhanced with an active support on the part of the government and leading companies by investing in R&D.
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