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Empleo rural y combate a la pobreza: una propuesta de política

Enrique Dávila, Santiago Levy and Luis Lopez-Calva ()
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Enrique Dávila: Profesor, CIDE. México, D.F. Mexico.
Santiago Levy: Subsecretario de Egresos, SHCP. México, D.F. Mexico.

Economía Mexicana NUEVA ÉPOCA, 1995, vol. IV, issue 2, 313-353

Abstract: In 1993 two thirds of the labour force were working in the informal sector, without the benefits of both social security and labor legislation. Three facts will reinforce this: the working population grows at a faster rate than the global population, the participation of women in labor will increase, and the opening of the economy will reduce the demand for rural labor. Even with optimistic expectations of economic growth, and modifications in the labor legislation, the probability that the formal sector can absorb a considerable part of informal workers is low. Governmental programs aimed to develop rural employment can contribute to reduce extreme poverty over the next few years by implementing low salaries programs that induce to self selection in the poor population, and by selecting projects of rural infrastructure which increase labour productivity. The programs should consider seasonality aspects, and focus only on certain regions of the country.

Date: 1995
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