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Determinants of homeownership in Europe – an empirical analysis based on SHARE

Maria Teresa Garcia () and Rafael Figueira

International Journal of Housing Markets and Analysis, 2020, vol. 14, issue 1, 14-38

Abstract: Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to explore the determinants of homeownership in Europe. Design/methodology/approach - In this study, a logit model that predicts whether an individual is a homeowner or not was estimated. Wave 6 (2015) from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe was used, through a sample of 46,003 respondents across all Europe and through four subsamples (Eastern, Southern, Northern and Western Europe). Findings - The findings reveal that several factors influence homeownership, namely, geographic location, age, gender, number of children, marital status, job situation, household income, high education, years of education, political orientation and holding bonds, stocks, mutual funds, bank accounts, saving accounts, individual retirement account or life insurance. Different results were obtained when the four subsamples were considered. Research limitations/implications - The research findings provide an attempt to disentangle the main factors influencing homeownership. However, only individuals above 50?years of age were considered because of the database characteristics. Practical implications - This paper provided insights to consider public policies that try to increase homeownership rates. Social implications - The results put in evidence the likelihood characteristics of a homeowner. Therefore, public policies should address those who do not fulfill those when promoting higher homeownership rates. For example, attention should be given to low and middle-income individuals. Originality/value - The paper emphasised the characteristics of a homeowner in Europe, contributing to the discussion on this topic among policymakers, practitioners and researchers in Europe.

Keywords: Public policy; Europe; SHARE; Factors; Homeownership; Logit model; D12; G51; R21; C25 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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