The Islamic approach of obligations in mutual relations between employee and employer
Ahmed Raja Ahmed Haj Ali,
Kamaruzaman Bin Noordin and
Meguellati Achour ()
International Journal of Ethics and Systems, 2018, vol. 34, issue 3, 338-351
Purpose - The exchange approach in management has viewed employee and employer relationship as a mutual relation, and this notion offers a causal explanation for the exchanges that occur between employee and employer. The purpose of the paper is to use the notion of “mutual relations” in the employment context to reflect on similar conceptions from the Islamic perspective and to throw light on Muslim obligations in employee–employer mutual relations seeking for benefits and preventing harm. Design/methodology/approach - This paper draws on observations of other scholars in exchange theories based on reciprocity norm, well-being (maslaha), Islamic spiritual bases (taqwa, seeking for halal), work ethics in Islam and other Islamic teachings play toward understanding the nature of employee–employer mutual relationship from Islamic perspective. Two main social exchange theories (SET) are discussed to give a comprehensive view to the paper’s issue along with the literature reviewed from early Muslim scholars’ works, sayings of Prophet Muhammad PBUM and Holy Qur’an. Findings - The literature indicates that it is possible to identify common ethical and contractual obligations in the employer’s and employee’s mutual relations from Islamic ideology. Given the paucity of reijoesp on employment relations in Islam, the paper offers an original perspective on this topic. Originality/value - The paper concludes that a Muslim work obligation has to be based on the understanding of the scope and nature of the contract between employee and employer. Allah (The All-Knowing) knows that even if all obligations in employee and employer mutual relations are clear, human error might occur.
Keywords: Well-being; Halal; Golden rule; Obligations; Exchange theories; Islamic work ethics; Mutual relations; Norm of reciprocity; Maslaha; Taqwa (search for similar items in EconPapers)
References: Add references at CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
http://www.emeraldinsight.com/10.1108/IJOES-12-201 ... RePEc&WT.mc_id=RePEc (text/html)
Access to full text is restricted to subscribers
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eme:ijoesp:ijoes-12-2017-0227
Ordering information: This journal article can be ordered from
Emerald Group Publishing, Howard House, Wagon Lane, Bingley, BD16 1WA, UK
https://www.emeraldg ... ng.com/journal/ijoes
Access Statistics for this article
International Journal of Ethics and Systems is currently edited by Professor Masudul Alam Choudhury
More articles in International Journal of Ethics and Systems from Emerald Group Publishing
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Virginia Chapman ().