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Financial distress determinants among SMEs: empirical evidence from Sweden

Darush Yazdanfar and Peter Öhman

Journal of Economic Studies, 2020, vol. 47, issue 3, 547-560

Abstract: Purpose - The purpose of this study is to empirically investigate determinants of financial distress among small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) during the global financial crisis and post-crisis periods. Design/methodology/approach - Several statistical methods, including multiple binary logistic regression, were used to analyse a longitudinal cross-sectional panel data set of 3,865 Swedish SMEs operating in five industries over the 2008–2015 period. Findings - The results suggest that financial distress is influenced by macroeconomic conditions (i.e. the global financial crisis) and, in particular, by various firm-specific characteristics (i.e. performance, financial leverage and financial distress in previous year). However, firm size and industry affiliation have no significant relationship with financial distress. Research limitations - Due to data availability, this study is limited to a sample of Swedish SMEs in five industries covering eight years. Further research could examine the generalizability of these findings by investigating other firms operating in other industries and other countries. Originality/value - This study is the first to examine determinants of financial distress among SMEs operating in Sweden using data from a large-scale longitudinal cross-sectional database.

Keywords: Financial distress; Risk buffer; Global financial crisis; SMEs; Cross-sectional sample (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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