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Migration of labor: differential of income between rural and urban trade union workers in Brazil

Cicero Francisco De Lima, Edward Martins Costa, Francisca Zilania Mariano, Wellington Ribeiro Justo and Pablo Urano de Carvalho Castelar

Journal of Economic Studies, 2020, vol. 47, issue 4, 939-966

Abstract: Purpose - The objective of this work was to analyze the income differential of the rural–urban worker in relation to the rural–rural worker and in relation to the urban–urban worker in the Brazilian labor market. Two databases were used, the 2005 and 2015 PNADs (Pesquisa Nacional Por Amostra de Domicílios). Design/methodology/approach - The methodology is the decomposition approach proposed by Firpo Findings - Among the main results, income differentials were shown to benefit the urban–urban worker when compared to the rural–urban worker, and income differences to the benefit of the rural–urban workers, when these were compared to the rural–rural workers. The educational variable was relevant in explaining the income disparity and expressing increasing effects in the higher quantiles. Originality/value - The methodology used in this work is considered recent in the literature as it is based on the RIF regression (Firpo

Keywords: Income differential; Migration; Rural–urban; Decomposition; J61; J70 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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