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Industry structure, R&D intensity, and performance in New Zealand: New insight on the Porter hypothesis

Rashid Ameer and Radiah Othman

Journal of Economic Studies, 2020, vol. 47, issue 1, 91-110

Abstract: Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to test the Porter hypothesis using the Structure–Conduct–Performance (SCP) framework for a panel data set of industries in New Zealand. Design/methodology/approach - The authors developed a mutually exclusive classification of the process-led and product-led innovation strategies and examined their impact on SCP in the high (low) carbon emission industries. Findings - The findings show that the high-level concentration provides more beneficial opportunities for product and geographical diversification that require a high level of R&D intensity. The authors find that in high-carbon emission industries, the product-led innovation strategies have a significant positive impact on the industry structure and performance which provide support for the Porter hypothesis. Practical implications - The findings imply that competition effects firm-level investments, in particular, capital expenditure to address carbon emissions, as such investments give firms a head start over rivals, and increase their profit margin compared to other firms over time. Overall, the empirical results lend support to the Porter hypothesis and suggest that understanding of industries’ unique R&D attributes is critical to developing regulations to support industries in smaller economies. Originality/value - It is the first study that examines the industry structure, R&D intensity and performance in a small developed economy of New Zealand.

Keywords: New Zealand; Performance; Carbon emissions; R&D intensity; Industry competition (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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