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Analysis of the Environmental Factors Influence on the Agricultural Production Effectiveness

Oleksii Shkuratov
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Oleksii Shkuratov: Institute of Agroecology and Nature Use of the National Academy of Agricultural Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv

Economics of Nature and the Environment, 2014, 42-44

Abstract: This paper deals with necessity to analyse a mutual influence of agricultural production and environmental factors when planning economic activity. It is proved, that environmental factors have started to limit the volume of production in agricultural sector in recent years. Environmental factors having the closest impact on the economic parameters of agricultural production in Ukraine are selected by means of correlative and regressive analysis. The volume of gross agricultural output (at constant prices of 2010) is suggested as an effective indicator of the efficiency of agricultural production. The following factor values were used in course of the analysis: coefficient of ecological stability of the territory; coefficient of anthropogenic impact on the area; erodibility of the land; organic fertilizers application per hectare; mineral fertilizers application per hectare; pesticides application per hectare. We've got mathematical dependences of the change in gross agricultural output volume from the factors listed above. Linear multiple regression model are constructed to conduct a detailed analysis of the most important factors impact (organic fertilizers application per hectare, mineral fertilizers application per hectare, the coefficient of ecological stability of the territory; erodibility of land) on the gross agricultural output. These equations of dependence of economic and environmental indicators make it possible to monitor the ecological condition of agricultural production in the process of organization.

Date: 2014
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