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Institutional background implementation of directive 2008/56/EC establishing a framework for community action in the field of marine environmental policy in Ukraine

Nataliia Korzhunova
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Nataliia Korzhunova: Public Institution "Institute of Environmental Economics and Sustainable Development of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine", Kyiv

Economics of Nature and the Environment, 2015, 44-53

Abstract: The signing of the Association Agreement between Ukraine, on the one hand, and the European Union, the European Atomic Energy Community and their Member States has led certain obligations to bring Ukrainian legislation in line with European law. The implementation of the Directive 2008/56/EC establishing a framework for Community action in the field of environmental policy on the marine environment (Marine Strategy Framework Directive) are important for Ukraine. The use of the marine environment, taking into account the ecosystem approach and the principle of integrated management improves the environment, biodiversity, development of industries marine complex, especially commercial fish and shellfish, recreation and tourism. Directive 2008/56/EC aims to achieve good environmental status of marine waters and to protect the marine resources that affect the economic and social activities. The main stages of the implementation of Directive 2008/56/EC include: 1) adoption of national legislation and designation the authority or authorities competent for the implementation of this Directive; 2) initial assessment of the current environmental status of marine waters; determine good environmental status for marine waters and establishment environmental targets and associated indicators; establishment of monitoring program for the development of ongoing assessment and regular updating purposes; 3) development programme of measures to achieve good environmental status. Analysis of possibilities implementing Directive 2008/56/EC states that at present a number of problems of institutional, financial, technological and informational nature, which may affect the efficiency of its provisions. First of all, needs to be improved legal framework for the protection of the marine environment and regulation of marine economy. To integrate environmental policy in other sectors requires coordinated and consistent activity of representatives of government, business and community. An important issue is to improve the organizational structure and the development of a program of measures for state environmental monitoring of the marine environment, both at national and regional levels. Given the limited financial resources raises the question of the creation of a portfolio of investment projects aimed at solving the problems of the marine environment.

Date: 2015
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