Does forest conversion promote growth and alleviate poverty ?
Mohd Parit Mamat,
Lim Hin Fui () and
Noor Aini Zakaria
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Mohd Parit Mamat: Forest Research Institute Malaysia
Ismariah Ahmad: Forest Research Institute Malaysia
Lim Hin Fui: Forest Research Institute Malaysia
EAS Strategic Options, 2013, vol. 2013, issue 19, 14-15
Since the formation of Malaysia in 1963, there was an obvious reduction in the forested area of Peninsular Malaysia. Statistical data from the Forestry Department Peninsular Malaysia showed that the forested area in 1970 decreased sharply from 8,012,600 ha to 6,361,400 ha in 1980 and finally declined to 5,788,523 ha in 2012. The major cause of forest area decline in Peninsular Malaysia was forest conversion to commercial agricultural crops, particularly oil palm and rubber, as well as other crops such as paddy, coconut, pineapple and cocoa. Oil palm plantation area in particular, increased from 99,580 ha in 1966 to 2,524,672 ha in 2010.
Keywords: Malaysia; forest conversion; deforestation; GDP; growth; poverty; oil palm; rubber plantation (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Puan Rohana, EAS, Forest Research Institute Malaysia, 52109 Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia
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