Beyond the Community Method: Why the Open Method of Coordination Was Introduced to EU Policy-making
European Integration online Papers (EIoP), 2004, vol. 8
This paper looks at the introduction of the Open Method of Coordination (OMC) to EU policy-making. This new mode of governance has been developed over the last decade and has received considerable attention in the literature. However, much of this writing fails to put the OMC into the broader context of EMU; in contrast, this paper links the Amsterdam employment title to the prior Maastricht decision to form a monetary union. It seeks to contribute to the literature on European integration in two ways: First, this paper offers three refinements to Pierson's historical institutionalist account of European integration. Second, it thus provides an alternative to functional explanations of the OMC. In brief the argument is that a conservative-liberal coalition at Maastricht created hard law in fiscal and monetary policy to constrain its successors, while the social democratic majority at Amsterdam relied on soft law to promote its goals in employment and social policy. While the former effectively limited later policy-choices, the latter largely avoids sovereignty losses for national governments. The contents of the Employment Title were determined by EMU, its form the OMC by social democratic reluctance to transfer power to the EU.
Keywords: institutionalism; open coordination; social democracy; EMU; employment policy; Maastricht Treaty; Amsterdam Treaty; political parties; political science (search for similar items in EconPapers)
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations View citations in EconPapers (4) Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
http://eiop.or.at/eiop/texte/2004-013a.htm Abstract (text/html)
http://eiop.or.at/eiop/texte/2004-013.htm Full text (text/html)
http://eiop.or.at/eiop/pdf/2004-013.pdf Full text (application/pdf)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:erp:eiopxx:p0118
Ordering information: This journal article can be ordered from
Access Statistics for this article
European Integration online Papers (EIoP) is currently edited by Gerda Falkner
More articles in European Integration online Papers (EIoP) from European Community Studies Association Austria (ECSA-A) Contact information at EDIRC.
Series data maintained by Editorial Assistant (). This e-mail address is bad, please contact .