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Edward Wilmot Blyden. The African Personality and Early Intellectual Work in the Gold Coast (Ghana)

Ahmed Bouchemal and Faiza Meberbeche Senouci

Academicus International Scientific Journal, 2022, issue 25, 45-55

Abstract: There is a commonly held view that African nationalism took shape out of contacts of African intellectuals with twentieth century Pan-African leaders. Yet, this interpretation lacked concrete evidence, as many of these intellectuals owed their ideological formulation to Nineteenth century teachings of Edward Wilmot Blyden. In his writings, Blyden articulated a thorough understanding of African’s strengths and weaknesses. For Blyden, Western civilization intended to make the African a caricature of European society. As a result, the situation of the African became one of chaos as he lived in strict psychological conflicts. A revival of the African personality rested as a solution to the distorted manhood of the African and a path to his future progress. This article examines Blyden’s theory of the African personality as revealed in early intellectual work in the Gold Coast (Ghana). Drawing on Blyden’s African personality theory, the article revealed that these intellectuals begun a vigorous campaign to oppose Europeanization of the African system of life and took an uncompromising stand against ideas of black “inferiority” and “backwardness”.

Keywords: Blyden; the African personality theory; Western civilization; intellectual; the Gold Coast (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2022
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