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A atuação do Fed antes e depois do estouro da bolha imobiliária: discricionariedade e mandato de bancos centrais em contexto de desregulamentação financeira

Olivia Bullio Mattos, Carlos Eduardo Carvalho, Daniel Nicolau Ferrara and Patrícia Cunha

Revista Economia e Sociedade, 2011, vol. 42, 36

Abstract: The Fed’s actions before and after the housing bubble burst: discretion and mandate of central banks in an environment of financial deregulation The Fed’s actions during the development and burst of the US real estate bubble highlight a Central Bank’s dilemma when facing a financial process of great magnitude. During the bubble’s development and growth, the Fed was lenient since it considered that the increase in real estate prices helped reduce the risk of financial instability brought on by the financial crisis from 2000 to 2002. When the subprime crisis surfaced, the Fed started to act vigorously as a lender of last resort, with a vigorous expansion of the monetary basis in order to defend the system from the risk of a widespread default in the interbank market. In both cases the Fed was pragmatic and discretionary, and did not follow the mainstream thesis in economics analysis, the so called “New Monetary Consensus”. However, at the same time, the US Central Bank is a “prisoner” of these thesis and of the financial interests that help it sustain them: the thesis that the financial market’s deregulation benefits the entire society inhibited interventionist actions that would have restrained the new financial instruments in the housing market and the thesis that the main goal of the Monetary Authority should be price stability contributed to the leniency with the increasing risks in the financial markets.

Keywords: Federal Reserve; Monetary policy; Subprime crisis; Financial deregulation. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E52 E58 G21 G28 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2011
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