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Determinants of Competitiveness in Companies that Comprise the Aerospace Cluster in the State of Sonora

Erika Olivas-Valdez, Luis Enrique IBARRA Morales, Benjamín HERNà Ndez-Fimbres, Mónica Ochoa-Olvera and Rosalina JAIME Meuly
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Erika Olivas-Valdez: Sonora State University, Hermosillo, Sonora, México
Luis Enrique IBARRA Morales: Sonora State University, Hermosillo, Sonora, México
Benjamín HERNà Ndez-Fimbres: Hermosillo Institute of Technology, Hermosillo, Sonora, México
Mónica Ochoa-Olvera: Hermosillo Institute of Technology, Hermosillo, Sonora, México
Rosalina JAIME Meuly: Sonora State University, Hermosillo, Sonora, México

Expert Journal of Business and Management, 2018, vol. 6, issue 1, 29-39

Abstract: Most of the leading countries in the world production of the aerospace sector, over time, have triangulated their production, by installing plants in other countries, to reduce costs. The United States concentrates most of the world production of aircraft. Consequently, Mexico has joined this dynamic production process through the operation of almost four hundred companies in this industrial sector. The states of Baja California, Chihuahua, Nuevo Leon, Querétaro and Sonora, lead the production of this sector in Mexico. The objective of this work is to determine if the companies in the aerospace sector of the state of Sonora are competitive in a regional context with respect to the growth of the entire sector in the country. The degree of competitiveness was calculated using the Competitive Advantage Index in two levels: the aerospace sector at the national level and at the state level. The results of this research confirm that the competitiveness of companies in the aerospace sector in Sonora is high and that their competitiveness is determined mainly by the technological development of their products, quality of service, guarantees offered, price, and the operation and production costs.

JEL-codes: M16 O14 P42 P47 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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