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The Impact of Key Monetary Variables on the Economic Growth of the CEMAC Zone

Forgha Godfrey Njimanted, Daniel Akume and Emmanuel Mbella Mukete
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Forgha Godfrey Njimanted: University of Bamenda, Cameroon
Daniel Akume: University of Bamenda, Cameroon
Emmanuel Mbella Mukete: Catholic University Institute of Buea, Cameroon

Expert Journal of Economics, 2016, vol. 4, issue 2, 54-67

Abstract: This study seeks to empirically explore the impact of key monetary policy variables on the economic growth in the CEMAC zone from the period of 1981 to 2015. Carried out using the Ex post facto research design based on the principal components selection approach, the study interacts money supply, interest rate, economic growth, and inflation rate, among themselves and their lagged values using the Vector Auto-regressive (VAR) analytical technique. The Classical quantity theory of money, the Cambridge Cash Balanced, the liquidity preference theory and the Monetarists as theoretical frameworks were explored to appreciate the time trends of the selected variables on the economic growth of the CEMAC zone. Based on the (VAR) methodology, the study reveals that key monetary policy variables influence economic growth of the CEMAC zone in different ways with inflation rate as the impact factor. On the basis of the above findings and the evidence from other studies, lending and inflation rate generated substantial destabilizing impacts on the economic growth, suggesting that the monetary authorities should play a critical role in creating an enabling environment for growth. The determination of the optimal lending rate should reflect the overall internal rate of returns in the productive sectors with due attention to market fundamentals. In line with this, the Central Bank of CEMAC should be given complete instrumental autonomy to operate depending on a set of in-built targets by the individual countries of the zone. Effective monetary targeting and accommodating monetary policies should be designed and implemented as the need arises with little or no political motives.

Keywords: Money Supply; Interest Rate; Inflation; Economic Growth; Effectiveness; Vector Autoregressive (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: B22 C52 E12 E40 E50 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2016
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Handle: RePEc:exp:econcs:v:4:y:2016:i:2:p:54-67