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The History of Inflation Targeting in the Czech Republic Through the Lens of a Dynamic General Equilibrium Model

Jaromir Hurnik, Ondra Kamenik and Jan Vlèek ()
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Jan Vlèek: Czech National Bank, http://www.cnb.cz/cz/index.html

Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Jan Vlcek ()

Czech Journal of Economics and Finance (Finance a uver), 2008, vol. 58, issue 09-10, 454-469

Abstract: Using a dynamic general equilibrium model calibrated for the Czech Republic, we first estimate the impact of structural shocks on the observed realizations of the interest rate and inflation, while the main focus is put on the estimation of monetary policy shocks. These occur whenever monetary policy is not set in accordance with the observed state of the economy and the inflation target. Our results suggest that monetary policy was more restrictive than implied by the observed state of the economy and the inflation target in three periods: 1998Q2–1999Q1, 2001Q3–2003Q2, and 2004Q3–2005Q4. On the contrary, the period from 2003Q3 to 2004Q2 was characterized by relatively loose monetary policy. Based on the assumption that monetary policy focuses on a different inflation target than the officially announced one, we estimate the implicit trajectory of the inflation target for the Czech Republic. This implied target fluctuates between 2 and 3 percent in 2002–2007.

Keywords: monetary policy shock; dynamic general equilibrium model; Kalman filtration (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E31 E43 E52 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2008
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:fau:fauart:v:58:y:2008:i:9-10:p:454-469

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