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The Impact of Indirect Tax Rates Cut on Inflation: Evidence From Russia

Mariia Elkina ()

Finansovyj žhurnal — Financial Journal, 2019, issue 5, 37-49

Abstract: The article analyzes the inflationary effect of the value added tax rate cut and abolishment of the sales tax in Russia in 2004. For this purpose, a panel regression with inflation rates of 39 CPI items is estimated for the period from 2000 to 2007. The results indicate that during the period of the indirect tax reform there was a significant divergence between items which experienced a tax rate change and those which did not. This effect starts before the implementation of tax rate changes, lasting for three months and amounting to −0.3 p.p. each month. The overall impact on inflation is estimated at − 0.6–0.7 p.p. in annual terms. Hence, the indirect tax pass-through was far from being full in 2004. Consequently, producers and retailers were the ones who gained the most from the tax rate cut in 2004. Empirical evidence indicates that a cut in indirect tax rates is rather a way to support producers and retailers than a policy which can stimulate consumption.

Keywords: pass-though effect; value added tax; sales tax; indirect taxes; inflation; consumer prices; fiscal policy (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: H20 E62 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
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DOI: 10.31107/2075-1990-2019-5-37-49

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Handle: RePEc:fru:finjrn:190503:p:37-49