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Case Studies of Energy Storage with Fuel Cells and Batteries for Stationary and Mobile Applications

Nadia Belmonte (), Carlo Luetto (), Stefano Staulo (), Paola Rizzi () and Marcello Baricco ()
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Nadia Belmonte: Department of Chemistry, Centre for Nanostructured Interfaces and Surfaces (NIS), University of Turin, 10125 Torino, Italy
Carlo Luetto: Tecnodelta Srl., 10034 Chivasso, Italy
Stefano Staulo: Stones Sas., 10093 Collegno, Italy
Paola Rizzi: Department of Chemistry, Centre for Nanostructured Interfaces and Surfaces (NIS), University of Turin, 10125 Torino, Italy
Marcello Baricco: Department of Chemistry, Centre for Nanostructured Interfaces and Surfaces (NIS), University of Turin, 10125 Torino, Italy

Challenges, 2017, vol. 8, issue 1, 1-15

Abstract: In this paper, hydrogen coupled with fuel cells and lithium-ion batteries are considered as alternative energy storage methods. Their application on a stationary system (i.e., energy storage for a family house) and a mobile system (i.e., an unmanned aerial vehicle) will be investigated. The stationary systems, designed for off-grid applications, were sized for photovoltaic energy production in the area of Turin, Italy, to provide daily energy of 10.25 kWh. The mobile systems, to be used for high crane inspection, were sized to have a flying range of 120 min, one being equipped with a Li-ion battery and the other with a proton-exchange membrane fuel cell. The systems were compared from an economical point of view and a life cycle assessment was performed to identify the main contributors to the environmental impact. From a commercial point of view, the fuel cell and the electrolyzer, being niche products, result in being more expensive with respect to the Li-ion batteries. On the other hand, the life cycle assessment (LCA) results show the lower burdens of both technologies.

Keywords: fuel cell; battery; life cycle assessment; integrated power system; unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: A00 C00 Z00 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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