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Polarization and Rising Wage Inequality: Comparing the U.S. and Germany

Dirk Antonczyk (), Thomas DeLeire () and Bernd Fitzenberger
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Dirk Antonczyk: Research Fellow, IZA, 53113 Bonn, Germany

Econometrics, 2018, vol. 6, issue 2, 1-33

Abstract: Since the late 1970s, wage inequality has increased strongly both in the U.S. and Germany but the trends have been different. Wage inequality increased along the entire wage distribution during the 1980s in the U.S. and since the mid 1990s in Germany. There is evidence for wage polarization in the U.S. in the 1990s, and the increase in wage inequality in Germany was restricted to the top of the distribution before the 1990s. Using an approach developed by MaCurdy and Mroz (1995) to separate age, time, and cohort effects, we find a large role played by cohort effects in Germany, while we find only small cohort effects in the U.S. Employment trends in both countries are consistent with polarization since the 1990s. The evidence is consistent with a technology-driven polarization of the labor market, but this cannot explain the country specific differences.

Keywords: wage inequality; polarization; international comparison; cohort study; quantile regression (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: B23 C C00 C01 C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C8 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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Related works:
Working Paper: Polarization and Rising Wage Inequality: Comparing the U.S. and Germany (2010) Downloads
Working Paper: Polarization and rising wage inequality: comparing the U.S. and Germany (2010) Downloads
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