A Parametric Factor Model of the Term Structure of Mortality
Niels Haldrup () and
Carsten P. T. Rosenskjold ()
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Carsten P. T. Rosenskjold: Center for Research in Econometric Analysis of Time Series (CREATES), Department of Economics and Business Economics, Aarhus University, Fuglesangs Allé 4, DK-8210 Aarhus V, Denmark
Econometrics, 2019, vol. 7, issue 1, 1-22
The prototypical Lee–Carter mortality model is characterized by a single common time factor that loads differently across age groups. In this paper, we propose a parametric factor model for the term structure of mortality where multiple factors are designed to influence the age groups differently via parametric loading functions. We identify four different factors: a factor common for all age groups, factors for infant and adult mortality, and a factor for the “accident hump” that primarily affects mortality of relatively young adults and late teenagers. Since the factors are identified via restrictions on the loading functions, the factors are not designed to be orthogonal but can be dependent and can possibly cointegrate when the factors have unit roots. We suggest two estimation procedures similar to the estimation of the dynamic Nelson–Siegel term structure model. First, a two-step nonlinear least squares procedure based on cross-section regressions together with a separate model to estimate the dynamics of the factors. Second, we suggest a fully specified model estimated by maximum likelihood via the Kalman filter recursions after the model is put on state space form. We demonstrate the methodology for US and French mortality data. We find that the model provides a good fit of the relevant factors and, in a forecast comparison with a range of benchmark models, it is found that, especially for longer horizons, variants of the parametric factor model have excellent forecast performance.
Keywords: mortality forecasting; term structure of mortality; factor modelling; cointegration (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: B23 C C00 C01 C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C8 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Working Paper: A Parametric Factor Model of the Term Structure of Mortality (2018)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:gam:jecnmx:v:7:y:2019:i:1:p:9-:d:212850
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