Representation of Japanese Candlesticks by Oriented Fuzzy Numbers
Krzysztof Piasecki () and
Anna Łyczkowska-Hanćkowiak ()
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Anna Łyczkowska-Hanćkowiak: Institute of Finance, WSB University in Poznań, 61-895 Poznań, Poland
Econometrics, 2019, vol. 8, issue 1, 1-24
The Japanese candlesticks’ technique is one of the well-known graphic methods of dynamic analysis of securities. If we apply Japanese candlesticks for the analysis of high-frequency financial data, then we need a numerical representation of any Japanese candlestick. Kacprzak et al. have proposed to represent Japanese candlesticks by ordered fuzzy numbers introduced by Kosiński and his cooperators. For some formal reasons, Kosiński’s theory of ordered fuzzy numbers has been revised. The main goal of our paper is to propose a universal method of representation of Japanese candlesticks by revised ordered fuzzy numbers. The discussion also justifies the need for such revision of a numerical model of the Japanese candlesticks. There are considered the following main kinds of Japanese candlestick: White Candle (White Spinning), Black Candle (Black Spinning), Doji Star, Dragonfly Doji, Gravestone Doji, and Four Price Doji. For example, we apply numerical model of Japanese candlesticks for financial portfolio analysis.
Keywords: Japanese candlestick; ordered fuzzy number; Kosiński’s number; oriented fuzzy number; dynamic analysis of securities (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: B23 C C00 C01 C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C8 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:gam:jecnmx:v:8:y:2019:i:1:p:1-:d:299330
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