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A Review of Global Challenges and Survival Strategies of Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs)

Sisira Kumara Naradda Gamage (), Ekanayake Ems (), Abeyrathne Gaknj (), Prasanna Rpir (), Jayasundara Jmsb () and Rajapakshe Psk ()
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Sisira Kumara Naradda Gamage: Department of Economics, Rajarata University of Sri Lanka, Mihintale 50300, Sri Lanka
Ekanayake Ems: Department of Social Sciences, Rajarata University of Sri Lanka, Mihintale 50300, Sri Lanka
Abeyrathne Gaknj: Department of Economics, Rajarata University of Sri Lanka, Mihintale 50300, Sri Lanka
Prasanna Rpir: Department of Economics, Rajarata University of Sri Lanka, Mihintale 50300, Sri Lanka
Jayasundara Jmsb: Department of Environmental Management, Rajarata University of Sri Lanka, Mihintale 50300, Sri Lanka
Rajapakshe Psk: Department of Environmental Management, Rajarata University of Sri Lanka, Mihintale 50300, Sri Lanka

Economies, 2020, vol. 8, issue 4, 1-1

Abstract: Economic globalization has created many challenges for small and medium enterprises (SMEs) due to the rapid increase in competition. Therefore, the downfall rate of SMEs is relatively high, a short period after their commencement. Accordingly, SMEs need to adopt survival strategies and strategic methods to succeed in confronting the various global challenges faced by the SME sector. This study critically examined the existing literature on global challenges for SMEs to understand the SMEs’ survival and successive mechanisms in the present competitive business background. Published information related to the field by the multilateral institutions and 110 research papers published by four recognized publishing companies, i.e., Emerald, Elsevier, Taylor and Francis, and MDPI, were chosen for this study. The review revealed the critical global challenges for SMEs within the context of economic globalization. They are the global market competition, global finance and economic crises, information communication technology, the emergence of multi-national corporations, transnational corporations, consumer changes and especially their preferences, trade dumping, international terrorism, and religious conflicts and trade wars. Furthermore, the study considered the survival strategies of SMEs in the industrial platform to recognize sustainability-related policies, specifically, the necessity for a robust theoretical examination on the survival strategies of SMEs in the field of global challenges.

Keywords: economic crisis; global challenges; international terrorism; multi-national corporations; small and medium enterprises; survival strategies; trade war (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E F I J O Q (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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