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Renewable Energy Potential by the Application of a Building Integrated Photovoltaic and Wind Turbine System in Global Urban Areas

Jaewook Lee (), Jeongsu Park (), Hyung-Jo Jung () and Jiyoung Park ()
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Jaewook Lee: Illinois School of Architecture, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Champaign, IL 61820, USA
Jeongsu Park: Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, KAIST, Daejeon 305-701, Korea
Hyung-Jo Jung: Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, KAIST, Daejeon 305-701, Korea
Jiyoung Park: Department of Architecture, Inha University, Inharo 100, Nam-gu, Incheon 402-751, Korea

Energies, 2017, vol. 10, issue 12, 1-20

Abstract: Globally, maintaining equilibrium between energy supply and demand is critical in urban areas facing increasing energy consumption and high-speed economic development. As an alternative, the large-scale application of renewable energy, such as solar and wind power, might be a long-term solution in an urban context. This study assessed the overall utilization potential of a building-integrated photovoltaic and wind turbine (BIPvWt) system, which can be applied to a building skin in global urban areas. The first step of this study was to reorganize the large volume of global annual climate data. The data were analyzed by computational fluid dynamic analysis and an energy simulation applicable to the BIPvWt system, which can generate a P max 300 Wp/module with a 15% conversion efficiency from a photovoltaic (PV) system and a 0.149 power coefficient/module from wind turbines in categorized urban contexts and office buildings in specific cities; it was constructed to evaluate and optimize the ratio that can cover the current energy consumption. A diagram of the distribution of the solar and wind energy potential and design guidelines for a building skin were developed. The perspective of balancing the increasing energy consumption using renewable energy in urban areas can be visualized positively in the near future.

Keywords: building integrated skin system; renewable energy potential; energy simulation; design guideline; computational fluid dynamic analysis (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q Q0 Q4 Q40 Q41 Q42 Q43 Q47 Q48 Q49 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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