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A Cluster Design on the Influence of Energy Taxation in Shaping the New EU-28 Economic Paradigm

Marian Zaharia, Aurelia Pătrașcu (), Manuela Rodica Gogonea (), Ana Tănăsescu () and Constanța Popescu ()
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Aurelia Pătrașcu: School of Economics, Petroleum-Gas University of Ploiesti, 39 Bucuresti Blvd., Prahova 100680, Romania
Manuela Rodica Gogonea: Department of Statistics and Econometrics, Bucharest University of Economic Studies, 15–17 Dorobanti St., Sector 1, Bucharest 010552, Romania
Ana Tănăsescu: School of Economics, Petroleum-Gas University of Ploiesti, 39 Bucuresti Blvd., Prahova 100680, Romania
Constanța Popescu: Faculty of Economics, Valahia University of Targoviste, Aleea Sinaia Street, No. 13, Targoviste, Dambovita 130004, Romania

Energies, 2017, vol. 10, issue 2, 1-21

Abstract: Environmental and energy taxation are essential components for designing global economic policies and they often contribute to achieving the sustainable economic development goals in contemporary economies. Starting from the analysis of certain elements such as the share of environmental, energy, transport and pollution taxation in GDP and using the Hierarchical Clustering methodology, the paper aims to identify economic models of behaviour and to understand the influence of energy taxation in designing an economic paradigm. In addition, another objective of the paper is to deepen the relationships that energy taxation has in designing certain economic models of behaviour and to group the EU-28 Member States based on the specified criteria. The research results confirm that at the EU-28 level could exist elements for achieving energy taxation convergence and that the states should promote a more accurate fiscal policy in order to improve the loss of competitivity caused by an inaccurate energy taxation.

Keywords: environmental taxation; energy tax policy; energy taxes; cluster analysis (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q Q0 Q4 Q40 Q41 Q42 Q43 Q47 Q48 Q49 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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