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Consequences of the National Energy Strategy in the Mexican Energy System: Analyzing Strategic Indicators with an Optimization Energy Model

Antonio Rodríguez-Martínez (), Yolanda Lechón (), Helena Cabal (), David Castrejón (), Marco Polo Flores () and R.J. Romero ()
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Antonio Rodríguez-Martínez: Centro de Investigación en Ingeniería y Ciencias Aplicadas (CIICAp), Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Morelos, Av. Universidad 1001, Col. Chamilpa, Cuernavaca CP 62209, Morelos, Mexico
Yolanda Lechón: Centro de Investigaciones Energéticas, Medioambientales y Tecnológicas (CIEMAT), Av. Computense, 40, 28040 Madrid, Spain
Helena Cabal: Centro de Investigaciones Energéticas, Medioambientales y Tecnológicas (CIEMAT), Av. Computense, 40, 28040 Madrid, Spain
David Castrejón: Instituto Nacional de Electricidad y Energías Limpias (INEEL), Av. Reforma 113, Col. Palmira, Cuernavaca CP 62490, Morelos, Mexico
Marco Polo Flores: Instituto Nacional de Electricidad y Energías Limpias (INEEL), Av. Reforma 113, Col. Palmira, Cuernavaca CP 62490, Morelos, Mexico
R.J. Romero: Centro de Investigación en Ingeniería y Ciencias Aplicadas (CIICAp), Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Morelos, Av. Universidad 1001, Col. Chamilpa, Cuernavaca CP 62209, Morelos, Mexico

Energies, 2018, vol. 11, issue 10, 1-19

Abstract: This paper presents an approach to the assessment of the Mexican energy system’s evolution under the climate and energy objectives set by the National Climate Change Strategy using an energy optimization model. Some strategic indicators have been chosen to analyze the performance of three integration elements: sustainability, efficiency, and energy security. Two scenarios have been defined in the medium and long-term: the business as usual scenario, with no energy or climate targets, and the National Climate Change Strategy scenario, where clean energy technologies and CO 2 emissions objectives are considered. The aim of this work is the analysis of some of those strategic indicators’ evolution using the EUROfusion Times Model. Results show that reaching the strategy targets leads to improvements in the integration elements in the medium and long term. Besides, meeting the CO 2 emission limits is achievable in terms of technologies and resources availability but at a high cost, while clean technologies targets are met with no extra costs even in the business as usual scenario.

Keywords: energy modelling; sustainability indicators; energy policy; mitigation pathway (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q Q0 Q4 Q40 Q41 Q42 Q43 Q47 Q48 Q49 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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