EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

The Nexus Between Convergence of Conventional and Renewable Energy Consumption in the Present European Union States. Explorative Study on Parametric and Semi-Parametric Methods

Gina Ionela Butnaru (), Alina Haller, Raluca Irina Clipa (), Mirela Ștefănică () and Mihaela Ifrim ()
Additional contact information
Gina Ionela Butnaru: Department of Management, Marketing and Business Administration, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iaşi, 700506 Iaşi, Romania
Raluca Irina Clipa: Department of Economics and International Relations, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iaşi, 700506 Iaşi, Romania
Mirela Ștefănică: Department of Management, Marketing and Business Administration, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iaşi, 700506 Iaşi, Romania
Mihaela Ifrim: Department of Economics and International Relations, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iaşi, 700506 Iaşi, Romania

Energies, 2020, vol. 13, issue 20, 1-19

Abstract: Economic and social progress is directly and closely related to energy consumption. In the latest decades, there is a higher need to reduce energy consumption from conventional sources, replacing it with energy obtained from unconventional sources. The environmental concern is one of the objectives of the European economic policy, with a particular focus on renewable energy consumption and energy efficiency in order to lower the environmental impact. In this context, we analyzed energy consumption per capita and renewable energy consumption per capita in the EU with the help of parametric methods, using the β-convergence model, and semiparametric methods, using the σ-convergence model. In this research we proposed to study six analysis models of the period 1960–2015, based on the availability of data. We concluded that the EU states went through a convergence process in a slow pace of energy consumption per capita and renewable energy per capita, showing a convergence pattern. The results of the study show that there is a relationship between the convergence of conventional energy consumption and the convergence of renewable (unconventional) energy consumption. The study covers a long period of time in which EU member states had different economic and social systems, implicitly different degrees and rates of development. In addition, the interest in renewable energy is relatively recent in the whole world. There is a possibility that future research will provide more optimistic results, in terms of accelerating the convergence rate, as appropriate measures and technologies are applied to renewable energy production in all EU member states.

Keywords: energy consumption; renewable energy consumption; β-convergence; σ-convergence; EU member states (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q Q0 Q4 Q40 Q41 Q42 Q43 Q47 Q48 Q49 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (2) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
https://www.mdpi.com/1996-1073/13/20/5272/pdf (application/pdf)
https://www.mdpi.com/1996-1073/13/20/5272/ (text/html)

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:gam:jeners:v:13:y:2020:i:20:p:5272-:d:426183

Access Statistics for this article

Energies is currently edited by Prof. Dr. Enrico Sciubba

More articles in Energies from MDPI, Open Access Journal
Bibliographic data for series maintained by XML Conversion Team ().

 
Page updated 2021-09-21
Handle: RePEc:gam:jeners:v:13:y:2020:i:20:p:5272-:d:426183