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The Long-Run Effects of Trade Openness on Carbon Emissions in Sub-Saharan African Countries

Huaping Sun (), Love Enna (), Augustine Monney (), Khoa Tran, Ehsan Rasoulinezhad () and Farhad Taghizadeh-Hesary ()
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Huaping Sun: School of Finance and Economics, Jiangsu University, 301 Xuefu Road Jingkou District, Zhenjiang 212013, China
Love Enna: School of Finance and Economics, Jiangsu University, 301 Xuefu Road Jingkou District, Zhenjiang 212013, China
Augustine Monney: School of Finance and Economics, Jiangsu University, 301 Xuefu Road Jingkou District, Zhenjiang 212013, China
Ehsan Rasoulinezhad: Institute of Business Research, University of Economics Ho Chi Minh City, Ho Chi Minh City 008428, Vietnam

Energies, 2020, vol. 13, issue 20, 1-18

Abstract: Using a panel cointegration model developed based on the data extracted from the World Bank indicators, this study quantified the relationship between carbon emissions, energy consumption, economic growth, and trade openness in sub-Saharan African countries. It discovered from our analysis that there exists a long-run causality association amongst CO 2 emissions, energy consumption, economic growth, and trade openness. The study noted the existence of the Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) in the panel using the square term for trade openness; it was found to have a negative impact, thus trade in the long run will somewhat decrease the environmental pollution in this region. The study results imply that there should be stringent policies and rigorous enforcement in sub-Saharan African to ensure sustainable growth without associative environmental issues.

Keywords: trade openness; carbon emission; sub-Saharan Africa; environmental Kuznets curve (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q Q0 Q4 Q40 Q41 Q42 Q43 Q47 Q48 Q49 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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