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Explaining the Diffusion of Energy-Efficient Lighting in India: A Technology Innovation Systems Approach

Danish Ahmad Mir (), Christopher N.H. Doll (), Robert Lindner () and Muhammad Tabish Parray ()
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Danish Ahmad Mir: College of Information Studies, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
Christopher N.H. Doll: School of Geography, Geology and the Environment, Kingston University, London KT1 1LQ, UK
Robert Lindner: Platform of Inter/Transdisciplinary Energy Research, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 819-0395, Japan
Muhammad Tabish Parray: Brookings India, New Delhi 110021, India

Energies, 2020, vol. 13, issue 21, 1-16

Abstract: Electricity consumption from lighting accounts for about 15% of total power demand and 5–6% of greenhouse gas emissions in developing countries. It is therefore a promising avenue to achieve considerable energy savings through technological innovation and upgrading. India has been very successful in recent years with a nationwide roll-out of modern light-emitting diode (LED) applications. This study uses the framework of technology innovation systems to identify the actors, institutions, and processes behind the diffusion of this technology. Our findings indicate that national innovation strategies, along with low-carbon technology (LCT) transfer policies, helped to bring down the cost of LED lamps in a rapidly expanding domestic market. Based on the findings, we further explore lessons for broader issues of low-carbon technology transfer and suggest an emerging intermediate step between north–south and south–south technology transfer.

Keywords: low-carbon technology transfer; technology innovation systems (TIS); energy-efficient technologies; LED; sustainable energy; developing countries (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q Q0 Q4 Q40 Q41 Q42 Q43 Q47 Q48 Q49 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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