Economics at your fingertips  

The Effect of Energy Usage, Economic Growth, and Financial Development on CO 2 Emission Management: An Analysis of OECD Countries with a High Environmental Performance Index

Katarzyna Szymczyk, Dilek Şahin, Haşim Bağcı and Ceyda Yerdelen Kaygın
Additional contact information
Katarzyna Szymczyk: Faculty of Management, Czestochowa University of Technology, 42-201 Częstochowa, Poland
Dilek Şahin: Tourism Management Department, Tourism Faculty, Sivas Cumhuriyet University, 58040 Sivas, Turkey
Haşim Bağcı: Faculty of Health Sciences, Aksaray University, 68100 Aksaray, Turkey
Ceyda Yerdelen Kaygın: International Trade and Logistics Department, Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, Kafkas University, 36040 Kars, Turkey

Energies, 2021, vol. 14, issue 15, 1-21

Abstract: The environmental performance index was developed to protect public health, and to sustain and manage the ecological vitality that is a crucial factor in countries’ social and economic development. The increase in CO 2 emissions has been threatening environmental and human health. The main objective of this study is to evaluate the impact of economic growth, energy consumption, energy management, the urban population, trade openness, and financial development on CO 2 emissions in the OECD countries that have a high ranking in the environmental performance index by utilizing the panel data analysis method for the years spanning 1990–2014. This assessment finds positive relationships between economic growth, energy consumption, and the urban population, and CO 2 emissions. Moreover, it is put forward that a negative and significant relationship between financial development and CO 2 emissions exists. Despite displaying a similar negative correlation, the relationship between trade openness and CO 2 emissions is insignificant. In the Dumitrescu-Hurlin panel causality test conducted, it was seen that a two-way causality is prevalent between energy consumption and CO 2 emissions. In addition, interrelations where CO 2 emissions cause trade openness, and the urban population is an explanatory variable of the former relationship, were discovered.

Keywords: CO 2 emission; carbon management; economic growth; energy consumption; energy management; high environmental performance index; OECD countries (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q Q0 Q4 Q40 Q41 Q42 Q43 Q47 Q48 Q49 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (4) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link) (application/pdf) (text/html)

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link:

Access Statistics for this article

Energies is currently edited by Mr. Addison Su

More articles in Energies from MDPI
Bibliographic data for series maintained by MDPI Indexing Manager ().

Page updated 2023-09-20
Handle: RePEc:gam:jeners:v:14:y:2021:i:15:p:4671-:d:606616