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Profiles of Food Insecurity: Similarities and Differences across Selected CEE Countries

Hanna Dudek (), Joanna Myszkowska-Ryciak () and Agnieszka Wojewódzka-Wiewiórska ()
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Hanna Dudek: Department of Econometrics and Statistics, Institute of Economics and Finance, Warsaw University of Life Sciences (WULS), 02-776 Warsaw, Poland
Joanna Myszkowska-Ryciak: Department of Dietetics, Institute of Human Nutrition Sciences, Warsaw University of Life Sciences (WULS), 02-776 Warsaw, Poland
Agnieszka Wojewódzka-Wiewiórska: Department of Development Policy and Marketing, Institute of Economics and Finance, Warsaw University of Life Sciences (WULS), 02-787 Warsaw, Poland

Energies, 2021, vol. 14, issue 16, 1-19

Abstract: Food security (FS) is influenced by primarily financial but also sociodemographic factors. Identification of correlates of food insecurity (FI) is a crucial issue in the context of achieving sustainable development goals. The aims of the study were: (1) to recognize FI in the selected Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries, (2) to examine common socioeconomic and demographic characteristics for FI. The analysis used the set of eight-item FI indicators adopted by the Food and Agriculture Organization, applying the Gallup World Poll survey data from 2017 to 2019. Multinomial logistic regressions were used to examine FI at mild and moderate or severe levels compared with FS. Differences in the profiles of FI were observed in analyzed countries: Poland, Lithuania and Slovakia. Lithuanians experienced the lowest FS, and Slovaks the highest. The FI status was associated with education, gender, age, household composition and income. It was found that the impact of these factors was not the same in the examined countries. Differences in profiles of FI in CEE countries indicate the need to analyze the problem individually for each country. Identifying groups particularly vulnerable to FI may allow appropriate targeting of instruments counteracting FI and adapt them to people with different characteristics.

Keywords: food insecurity; profiles; sustainable development goals; multinomial logistic regression models; relative-risk ratio; CEE countries; Poland; Lithuania; Slovakia; socioeconomic and demographic characteristics (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q Q0 Q4 Q40 Q41 Q42 Q43 Q47 Q48 Q49 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
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