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A Systematic Review of HPM Energy Absorbers for Building Applications

Krzysztof Majcher (), Michał Musiał (), Wojciech Pakos (), Adrian Różański (), Maciej Sobótka () and Tomasz Trapko ()
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Krzysztof Majcher: Faculty of Civil Engineering, Wroclaw University of Science and Technology, pl. Grunwaldzki 11, 50-370 Wrocław, Poland
Michał Musiał: Faculty of Civil Engineering, Wroclaw University of Science and Technology, pl. Grunwaldzki 11, 50-370 Wrocław, Poland
Wojciech Pakos: Faculty of Civil Engineering, Wroclaw University of Science and Technology, pl. Grunwaldzki 11, 50-370 Wrocław, Poland
Adrian Różański: Faculty of Civil Engineering, Wroclaw University of Science and Technology, pl. Grunwaldzki 11, 50-370 Wrocław, Poland
Maciej Sobótka: Faculty of Civil Engineering, Wroclaw University of Science and Technology, pl. Grunwaldzki 11, 50-370 Wrocław, Poland
Tomasz Trapko: Faculty of Civil Engineering, Wroclaw University of Science and Technology, pl. Grunwaldzki 11, 50-370 Wrocław, Poland

Energies, 2021, vol. 14, issue 19, 1-22

Abstract: A modern weapon, high power microwave (HPM) pulses, can have a profound effect on the quality of functioning of society as the use of this weapon can result in damage to or destruction of electronic equipment and computer and telecommunications systems, both military and civilian. Protection against the energy of HPM pulses can be achieved in two basic ways: by using radiation-absorbent materials (RAM) or artificial electromagnetic (EM) structures. If the object to be protected is a building, protection based on RAM is used. Hence, this literature review focuses on the possibilities of using HPM energy absorbers in building products and structures. Attention is concentrated on four basic types of elements: claddings, concrete and mortar, small-sized elements (bricks, hollow masonry units), and paint coatings. In each of the categories, examples of HPM radiation absorbers having a high potential to be combined with basic construction materials are given on the basis of the literature on the subject.

Keywords: building; materials; protection; HPM; review (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q Q0 Q4 Q40 Q41 Q42 Q43 Q47 Q48 Q49 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
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