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Road Traffic Emission Inventory in an Urban Zone of West Africa: Case of Yopougon City (Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire)

Madina Doumbia (), Adjon A. Kouassi (), Siélé Silué (), Véronique Yoboué (), Cathy Liousse (), Arona Diedhiou (), N’Datchoh E. Touré (), Sékou Keita (), Eric-Michel Assamoi (), Adama Bamba (), Maurin Zouzoua (), Alima Dajuma () and Kouakou Kouadio ()
Additional contact information
Madina Doumbia: Centre d’Excellence Africain sur le Changement Climatique, la Biodiversité et l’Agriculture Durable (CEA-CCBAD), 22 BP 463 Abidjan 22, Côte d’Ivoire
Adjon A. Kouassi: Laboratoire des Sciences et Technologie de l’Environnement (LSTE), Université Jean Lorougnon Guédé, BP 150 Daloa, Côte d’Ivoire
Siélé Silué: Unité de Formation et de Recherche des Sciences Biologiques, Département Math-Physique-Chimie, Université Péléforo Gon Coulibaly, BP 1328 Korhogo, Côte d’Ivoire
Véronique Yoboué: Laboratoire des Sciences de la Matière, de l’Environnement et de l’Energie Solaire, LASMES, Université Félix Houphouët-Boigny, BPV34, Abidjan 01, Côte d’Ivoire
Cathy Liousse: Laboratoire d’Aérologie, Université de Toulouse, CNRS, UPS, 311400 Toulouse, France
Arona Diedhiou: Centre d’Excellence Africain sur le Changement Climatique, la Biodiversité et l’Agriculture Durable (CEA-CCBAD), 22 BP 463 Abidjan 22, Côte d’Ivoire
N’Datchoh E. Touré: Laboratoire des Sciences de la Matière, de l’Environnement et de l’Energie Solaire, LASMES, Université Félix Houphouët-Boigny, BPV34, Abidjan 01, Côte d’Ivoire
Sékou Keita: Unité de Formation et de Recherche des Sciences Biologiques, Département Math-Physique-Chimie, Université Péléforo Gon Coulibaly, BP 1328 Korhogo, Côte d’Ivoire
Eric-Michel Assamoi: Laboratoire des Sciences de la Matière, de l’Environnement et de l’Energie Solaire, LASMES, Université Félix Houphouët-Boigny, BPV34, Abidjan 01, Côte d’Ivoire
Adama Bamba: Laboratoire des Sciences de la Matière, de l’Environnement et de l’Energie Solaire, LASMES, Université Félix Houphouët-Boigny, BPV34, Abidjan 01, Côte d’Ivoire
Maurin Zouzoua: Laboratoire des Sciences de la Matière, de l’Environnement et de l’Energie Solaire, LASMES, Université Félix Houphouët-Boigny, BPV34, Abidjan 01, Côte d’Ivoire
Alima Dajuma: Laboratoire des Sciences de la Matière, de l’Environnement et de l’Energie Solaire, LASMES, Université Félix Houphouët-Boigny, BPV34, Abidjan 01, Côte d’Ivoire
Kouakou Kouadio: Laboratoire des Sciences de la Matière, de l’Environnement et de l’Energie Solaire, LASMES, Université Félix Houphouët-Boigny, BPV34, Abidjan 01, Côte d’Ivoire

Energies, 2021, vol. 14, issue 4, 1-19

Abstract: Road traffic emission inventories based on bottom-up methodology, are calculated for each road segment from fuel consumption and traffic volume data obtained during field measurements in Yopougon. High emissions of black carbon (BC) from vehicles are observed at major road intersections, in areas surrounding industrial zones and on highways. Highest emission values from road traffic are observed for carbon monoxide (CO) (14.8 t/d) and nitrogen oxides (NO x ) (7.9 t/d), usually considered as the major traffic pollution tracers. Furthermore, peak values of CO emissions due to personal cars (PCs) are mainly linked to the old age of the vehicle fleet with high emission factors. The highest emitting type of vehicle for BC on the highway is PC (70.2%), followed by inter-communal taxis (TAs) (13.1%), heavy vehicles (HVs) (9.8%), minibuses (GBs) (6.4%) and intra-communal taxis (WRs) (0.4%). While for organic carbon (OC) emissions on the main roads, PCs represent 46.7%, followed by 20.3% for WRs, 14.9% for TAs, 11.4% for GB and 6.7% for HVs. This work provides new key information on local pollutant emissions and may be useful to guide mitigation strategies such as modernizing the vehicle fleet and reorganizing public transportation, to reduce emissions and improve public health.

Keywords: vehicle emission; local fuel consumption; road traffic; road segment; traffic volume; air pollution; Yopougon (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q Q0 Q4 Q40 Q41 Q42 Q43 Q47 Q48 Q49 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
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