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A Comprehensive Review on the Prospects of Using Hydrogen–Methane Blends: Challenges and Opportunities

Iren A. Makaryan (), Igor V. Sedov (), Eugene A. Salgansky (), Artem V. Arutyunov () and Vladimir S. Arutyunov ()
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Iren A. Makaryan: Institute of Problems of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Acad N.N. Semenov Av., 1, 142432 Chernogolovka, Russia
Igor V. Sedov: Institute of Problems of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Acad N.N. Semenov Av., 1, 142432 Chernogolovka, Russia
Eugene A. Salgansky: Institute of Problems of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Acad N.N. Semenov Av., 1, 142432 Chernogolovka, Russia
Artem V. Arutyunov: N.N. Semenov Federal Research Center for Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, 119991 Moscow, Russia
Vladimir S. Arutyunov: Institute of Problems of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Acad N.N. Semenov Av., 1, 142432 Chernogolovka, Russia

Energies, 2022, vol. 15, issue 6, 1-27

Abstract: An analysis of the literature data indicates a wide front of research and development in the field of the use of methane–hydrogen mixtures as a promising environmentally friendly low-carbon fuel. The conclusion of most works shows that the use of methane–hydrogen mixtures in internal combustion engines improves their performance and emission characteristics. The most important aspect is the concentration of hydrogen in the fuel mixture, which affects the combustion process of the fuel and determines the optimal operating conditions of the engine. When using methane–hydrogen mixtures with low hydrogen content, the safety measures and risks are similar to those that exist when working with natural gas. Serious logistical problems are associated with the difficulties of using the existing gas distribution infrastructure for transporting methane–hydrogen mixtures. It is possible that, despite the need for huge investments, it will be necessary to create a new infrastructure for the production, storage and transportation of hydrogen and its mixtures with natural gas. Further research is needed on the compatibility of pipeline materials with hydrogen and methane–hydrogen mixtures, safety conditions for the operation of equipment operating with hydrogen or methane–hydrogen mixtures, as well as the economic and environmental feasibility of using these energy carriers.

Keywords: hydrogen; methane; hydrogen/methane blends; hydro-methane; energy applications; low-carbon fuel (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q Q0 Q4 Q40 Q41 Q42 Q43 Q47 Q48 Q49 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2022
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