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The Crude Oil International Trade Competition Networks: Evolution Trends and Estimating Potential Competition Links

Xuanru Zhou (), Hua Zhang (), Shuxian Zheng (), Wanli Xing (), Pei Zhao () and Haiying Li ()
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Xuanru Zhou: School of Economics and Management, China University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083, China
Hua Zhang: School of Economics and Management, China University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083, China
Shuxian Zheng: School of Management, China University of Mining and Technology, Beijing 100083, China
Wanli Xing: Development Research Center of China Geological Survey, Beijing 100037, China
Pei Zhao: Teacher’s College, Beijing Union University, No. 5 Waiguan Oblique Street, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100011, China
Haiying Li: School of Liberal Arts, Ludong University, 186 Middle Hongqi Road, Zhifu District, Yantai 264000, China

Energies, 2022, vol. 15, issue 7, 1-20

Abstract: In the context of the economic situation, international relations, and the consequences of COVID-19, the future competition pattern of crude oil trade is uncertain. In this paper, the crude oil international import competition and export competition networks are based on a complex network model. The link prediction method is used to construct a crude oil competition relationship prediction model. We summarize the evolving characteristics of the competitive landscape of the global crude oil trade from 2000 to 2019 and explore the reasons for the changes. Finally, we forecast the future potential crude oil import and export competition. The results indicate the following. (1) The crude oil import competition center is transferred from Europe and America to the Asia–Pacific region and it may continue to shift to developing regions. (2) At present, the competition among traditional crude oil exporters is the core of crude oil export competition, such as OPEC, Canada, and Russia. The United States has become the world’s largest crude oil exporter, which means that the core of crude oil export competition has begun to shift to emerging countries. The competition intensity of emerging crude oil exporters is gradually increasing. There is likely to be fierce export competition between traditional and emerging exporters. (3) In the future crude oil competition, we should pay attention to the trend of the United States, which may lead to the restructuring of the global oil trade pattern. Finally, this paper considers the exporters and importers and puts forward policy suggestions for policymakers to deal with the future global crude oil trade competition.

Keywords: competitive relation; link prediction; crude oil trade; complex network (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q Q0 Q4 Q40 Q41 Q42 Q43 Q47 Q48 Q49 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2022
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