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Local Alternative for Energy Supply: Performance Assessment of Integrated Community Energy Systems

Binod Prasad Koirala (), José Chaves-Ávila, Tomás Gómez (), Rudi A. Hakvoort () and Paulien M. Herder ()
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Binod Prasad Koirala: Faculty of Technology, Policy and Management, Delft University of Technology, 2628 Delft, The Netherlands
Tomás Gómez: Institute for Research in Technology, Comillas Pontifical University, 28015 Madrid, Spain
Rudi A. Hakvoort: Faculty of Technology, Policy and Management, Delft University of Technology, 2628 Delft, The Netherlands
Paulien M. Herder: Faculty of Technology, Policy and Management, Delft University of Technology, 2628 Delft, The Netherlands

Energies, 2016, vol. 9, issue 12, 1-24

Abstract: Integrated community energy systems (ICESs) are emerging as a modern development to re-organize local energy systems allowing simultaneous integration of distributed energy resources (DERs) and engagement of local communities. Although local energy initiatives, such as ICESs are rapidly emerging due to community objectives, such as cost and emission reductions as well as resiliency, assessment and evaluation are still lacking on the value that these systems can provide both to the local communities as well as to the whole energy system. In this paper, we present a model-based framework to assess the value of ICESs for the local communities. The distributed energy resources-consumer adoption model (DER-CAM) based ICES model is used to assess the value of an ICES in the Netherlands. For the considered community size and local conditions, grid-connected ICESs are already beneficial to the alternative of solely being supplied from the grid both in terms of total energy costs and CO 2 emissions, whereas grid-defected systems, although performing very well in terms of CO 2 emission reduction, are still rather expensive.

Keywords: distributed energy resources (DERs); energy communities; smart grids; multi-carrier energy systems; optimization (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q Q0 Q4 Q40 Q41 Q42 Q43 Q47 Q48 Q49 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2016
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