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The Role of the Foreign Sector in the Spanish Bioeconomy: Two Approaches Based on SAM Linear Models

Valeria Ferreira, Laia Pié and Antonio Terceño
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Laia Pié: Markets and Financial Analysis Research Group, Department of Business Management, Faculty of Business and Economics, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, 43204 Reus, Spain
Antonio Terceño: Markets and Financial Analysis Research Group, Department of Business Management, Faculty of Business and Economics, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, 43204 Reus, Spain

IJERPH, 2020, vol. 17, issue 24, 1-25

Abstract: The bioeconomy emerges as an opportunity to focus on a more sustainable economy, avoid dependence on non-renewable resources and help to mitigate negative environmental impacts. The bioeconomy is considered a priority for the European Union and for Spain, which launched its strategy in 2016. To promote the Spanish bioeconomy, the impact and variables that may influence its development must be known. While previous works have analyzed the domestic sectors, this paper focuses on analyzing the economic importance of Spanish bioeconomy products and on the influence of and the existing links between the foreign sector and the rest of the economy. For this purpose, we apply two different methodologies based on linear social accounting matrix (SAM) models. The linkages show that many bioeconomy products have the potential to promote the rest of the economy and the values of some product multipliers become more significant due to their import dependence. These results enable us to know the structure of the Spanish bioeconomy and the relationships within its account. This analysis is a useful tool for developing policies focused on fostering the bioeconomy and economic growth.

Keywords: bioeconomy; linear multipliers; foreign sector; social accounting matrix; Spain (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I I1 I3 Q Q5 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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