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Assessing the Effects of a Tobacco Tax Reform on the Industry Price-Setting Strategy

Jose Angelo Divino, Philipp Ehrl, Osvaldo Candido and Marcos Aurelio Pereira Valadao
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Marcos Aurelio Pereira Valadao: School of Public Policy and Government, Getulio Vargas Foundation, Brasilia 70830-051, Brazil

IJERPH, 2021, vol. 18, issue 19, 1-12

Abstract: In July 2020, the Executive Power submitted Bill no. 3887-2020 as the first step towards a wide reform of the Brazilian tax system. It will replace the current PIS/COFINS (charged on turnover of companies) by the CBS (a tax on goods and services), which includes a special regime for cigarettes. The novelty is that the specific cigarette tax will be charged on the highest retail price per cigarette brand across the country. This research simulates three scenarios that differ according to the price-setting strategy of the tobacco industry in reaction to the proposed tax reform. In all simulations, the tax reform would result in considerably higher cigarette prices, lower cigarette consumption, higher tax collection, and an implicit minimum price that is far above the current official price floor. Furthermore, the price dispersion and cross-border shopping across states would be reduced because prices and tax burden per brand would tend to be the same across the country due to the dominant price-setting strategy in the cigarette industry.

Keywords: Bill no. 3887-2020; tobacco tax; tax reform; cigarette prices; cigarette consumption (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I I1 I3 Q Q5 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
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