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Financial Measures to Reduce Carbon Emissions in Britain, Japan and the United States: A SWOT Analysis

Sheng Hu, Pan Zhang () and Taoyuan Wei
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Sheng Hu: School of Economics, Shandong University of Technology, Zibo 255000, China
Pan Zhang: School of Economics, Shandong University of Technology, Zibo 255000, China
Taoyuan Wei: CICERO Center for International Climate Research, 0318 Oslo, Norway

IJERPH, 2022, vol. 19, issue 17, 1-18

Abstract: To mitigate global warming, China, the world’s largest greenhouse gas emitter, has set the goals of achieving carbon peak by 2030 and carbon neutrality by 2060, and financial measures could play an important role. To avoid unnecessary costs, China could learn from the experience of other countries to better understand the potential role of financial measures in achieving carbon emission reduction goals. Hence, this article adopts a SWOT analysis to compare the financial measures taken by Britain, Japan and the United States in the process of carbon emission reduction in the last twenty years. This article finds that government funds and financial innovation have contributed markedly to carbon emission reduction in those three countries. With the help of the SWOT analysis, we recommend that China take financial measures to help achieve carbon peaking and carbon neutrality goals from four aspects: formulating proper policy, regulating carbon trading market, strengthening international cooperation, and promoting innovation.

Keywords: carbon peak; carbon neutrality; financial support; carbon finance; low-carbon society; double carbon goals; carbon emission reduction (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I I1 I3 Q Q5 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2022
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