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Modeling Key Strategies for Reducing Socio-Economic and Health Crisis: Perspective from COVID-19 Pandemic

Sajid Ullah, Farman Ullah Khan (), Vanina Adoriana Trifan (), Adina Eleonora Spinu () and Grigorie Sanda
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Sajid Ullah: School of Economics and Management, Xi’an University of Technology, Xi’an 710048, China
Farman Ullah Khan: School of Management, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710049, China
Vanina Adoriana Trifan: Department of Economic Disciplines, Aurel Vlaicu University of Arad, 310130 Arad, Romania
Adina Eleonora Spinu: Department of Economic Disciplines, Aurel Vlaicu University of Arad, 310130 Arad, Romania
Grigorie Sanda: Department of Economic Disciplines, Aurel Vlaicu University of Arad, 310130 Arad, Romania

IJERPH, 2022, vol. 19, issue 21, 1-21

Abstract: The pandemic outbreak has dramatically changed every sector and walk of life. Specifically, the developing countries with scarce resources are facing unprecedented crises that further jeopardize efforts to achieve sustainable life. Considering the case of a developing country, Pakistan, this study empirically identifies the most important strategies to reduce the socio-economic and health challenges during COVID-19. Initially, the study identified 14 key strategies from the prior literature. Later, these strategies were determined with the help of the interpretive structural modeling (ISM) approach through expert suggestions. The ISM model represents seven levels of pandemic containment strategies based on their significance level. The strategies existing at the top level of ISM model are the least important, while the strategies at the bottom of hierarchy levels are highly significant. Therefore, the study results demonstrated that “strong leadership and control” and “awareness on social media” play significant roles in reducing pandemic challenges, while “promoting online purchase behavior” and “online education” are the least important strategies in tackling pandemic crisis. This study will benefit government authorities and policymakers, enabling them to focus more on significant measures in battling this ongoing crisis.

Keywords: socio-economic crisis; COVID-19 pandemic; containment strategies; psychological stress; interpretive structural modeling (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I I1 I3 Q Q5 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2022
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