EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Intellectual Capital Performance and Profitability of Banks: Evidence from Pakistan

Muhammad Haris (), HongXing Yao (), Gulzara Tariq (), Ali Malik () and Hafiz Mustansar Javaid ()
Additional contact information
Muhammad Haris: School of Finance and Economics, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212013, China
HongXing Yao: School of Finance and Economics, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212013, China
Gulzara Tariq: School of Finance and Economics, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212013, China
Ali Malik: QFBA-Northumbria University, Doha 23245, Qatar
Hafiz Mustansar Javaid: College of Management, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060, China

Journal of Risk and Financial Management, 2019, vol. 12, issue 2, 1-26

Abstract: The study contributes to the existing literature on intellectual capital (IC) performance and profitability by extending evidence from Pakistan. The study examines the impact of IC performance on the profitability of Pakistani financial institutions. It further examines how corporate governance, bank specific, industry specific, and country specific indicators effect Pakistani banks’ profitability. The result reports both the linear and non-linear impact of IC performance on profitability, which affirms an inverted U–shaped relationship. Among the three value added intellectual coefficient (VAIC) components, capital employed efficiency (CEE), and human capital efficiency (HCE) are found to have a significantly positive and structural capital efficiency (SCE) is found to have a significantly negative impact on bank profitability. The study notes a positive impact on profitability of factors like board independence, directors’ compensation, and higher capitalization. It reports a negative impact on profitability of factors like board size, board meetings, credit risk, industry concentration and economic growth. The results also indicate low profitability of banks during the period of government transition. The study provides insights into the important profitability drives and suggests that the impact of investment in IC on profitability is limited to an extent. The findings of this study are likely to be useful for policy makers, management, and academics.

Keywords: Pakistan; banks; profitability; intellectual capital; generalized method of moments (GMM) (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C E F2 F3 G (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (1) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
https://www.mdpi.com/1911-8074/12/2/56/pdf (application/pdf)
https://www.mdpi.com/1911-8074/12/2/56/ (text/html)

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:gam:jjrfmx:v:12:y:2019:i:2:p:56-:d:220009

Access Statistics for this article

Journal of Risk and Financial Management is currently edited by Prof. Dr. Michael McAleer

More articles in Journal of Risk and Financial Management from MDPI, Open Access Journal
Bibliographic data for series maintained by XML Conversion Team ().

 
Page updated 2019-09-07
Handle: RePEc:gam:jjrfmx:v:12:y:2019:i:2:p:56-:d:220009